Land prices are still high, and so are interest rates. Here's what you should know if you're shopping for hunting ground
If you've sold or shopped for a home in the past two years, then you know the housing market has been crazy, with existing home prices still sitting at near record highs. Meanwhile, interest rates have more than doubled in the past year.
How does that affect you if you're looking for 50 acres on which to plant a food plot and call your own? In many ways, the land market has been just as crazy as the housing market. I've watched land listings in my area double in price per acre over the past two years — but not all of them are selling.
My buddy Reese Johnson is a real estate agent and serious hunter (he sent us this trail camera reel of a hen turkey hatching a nest last spring) who's as comfortable walking a farm for sale as he is showing a home in town. We're kind of at a stalemate, where many sellers still want 2021 prices, but buyers are more hesitant because of those prices, he said of the current land market. But I'm still busy, and things are still selling.
Land Sales vs. Home Sales
Land transactions are often slower than home transactions, for a few reasons. For one, land loans are more difficult to get. There are fewer willing lenders, and the loans frequently require larger down payments, shorter terms, and higher, adjustable interest rates. That discounts many buyers.
There's often urgency to a home sale, too, because a seller's ability to move to a new home is frequently contingent on the sale of the first home. That's a bargaining chip. Meanwhile, the farmer who lives on his 400 acres free and clear and decides to sell a 50-acre corner of it isn't under that pressure. As the old saying goes, It ain't eating nothing.
Before deciding whether it's a good time to buy land, you need to answer these three questions first.
Can You Get Financing?
Most of us will need to borrow money to buy land, and the biggest hurdle to get approved for that loan is having the dry powder on hand for a down payment. While some home loans might require as little as 5% down, you'll almost always need 20%+ for a land loan. So if you're looking to buy 50 acres for $150,000, you'll need $30,000 of that up front.
Expect monthly payments to be higher, too. Home loans are usually 30-year notes, but Johnson says land loans are typically 20 years, and with higher interest rates to boot. You might find better terms by shopping around between lenders, Johnson said. Check with lenders that work with farm credit, or smaller, local banks. A lot of the big mortgage companies want 30% down on anything that's not a house, because that's not where they want to do business. But getting pre-approved for the loan is the No. 1 rule of shopping for land. When the right place comes up, you have to be able to jump on it.
Is the Price Right for the Neighborhood?
Just as homes are often priced by the square footage and neighborhood, land is often priced per acre. But there's usually a bigger picture to consider before flatly deciding that a property is overpriced — or a deal too good to be true. In general, smaller properties sell faster because the final price tag is more affordable, but the cost per acre tends to be higher. Most working-class deer hunters who call me looking for ground have a budget of $150,000, Johnson said. Price per acre is relative on those small properties. Once you're under 30 acres, you're competing with home buyers (and things generally get more expensive). I don't emphasize price per acre at all on small properties like that.
On larger properties, 50 acres or bigger, price per acre can be a better yardstick. The land you're scoping out should more or less match the going rate for similar land recently sold in the same neighborhood. But whether something is worth more can be subjective. Sellers can list their land for whatever they want. As a hunter, it's good to remember that 40 acres of prime creek bottoms is better than 100 acres of parking lot. Generally, people looking above 50 acres can be a little pickier, Johnson said. I've got buyers that I've shopped for two or three years, waiting for just the right place.
Will the Market Get Better for Buyers?
If you're waiting for interest rates and land prices to fall, you could be waiting a while. The unfortunate reality is that it's just getting harder for working class people to afford land, Johnson said. The demand for it isn't going down. Not long ago there was a group of professional athletes who went in together and bought farmland in Iowa for like $15,000 an acre. They needed a place to put their money, and in the history of the country, land prices have never gone down. When you have groups of extremely wealthy people like that pooling money to buy ground, nobody can compete with it. I've sold to people from 20 different states this year. They're bringing cash, and driving the prices up. I think more of that is coming. At the same time, the old mindset of being able to buy tillable land and then depending on the farming income to pay the note is gone. It's hard to make money off land anymore unless you sell it.
Even as a real estate agent himself, Johnson said the best land deals still happen offline, in For Sale By Owner type transactions. But you have to be ready when you find them with the groundwork listed above. If the numbers make sense and you want to buy land, you have to buy when the opportunity is there, Johnson said.
As the old saying goes, they aren't making more of it.
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